References

  1. Bigos SJ et al: Acute Low Back Problems in Adults. Clinical Practice Guideline No 14, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research Publication No. 95-0642, Public Health Service, U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services, December, 1994
  2. Daffner, SD; Hymanson, HJ; Wang, JC. Cost and use of conservative management of lumbar disc herniation before surgical discectomy. SPINE JOURNAL 2010; 10 (6): 463-468
  3. Simotas AC: Non operative treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis: clinical and outcome results and a 3 year survivorship analysis. Spine 2000;25(2)
  4. McCullogh: Spine 21(24S)
  5. Atlas S, Keller RB, Wu YA, Deyo RA, Singer DE: Long Term Outcomes Of Surgical And Non Surgical Management Of Sciatica Secondary To Lumbar Disc Herniation: 10 Year Results From The Maine Lumbar Spine Study. Spine 2005; 30(8)
  6. Atlas SJ, Keller RB, Su YA, Deyo RA, Singer DE.Long Term Outcomes Of Surgical And Non-surgical Management Of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: 8 To 10 Year Results From The Maine Lumbar Spine Study. Spine 2005; 30(8)
  7. Murphy, DR; Hurwitz, EL; Gregory, AA; Clary, R. A non-surgical approach to the management of lumbar spinal stenosis: A prospective observational cohort study. BMC MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS 2006; 7:NIL_1-NIL_8
  8. Cooperstein R, Perle SM, Gatterman MI, Lantz C, Schneider MJ: Chiropractic Technique Procedures For Specific Low Back Conditions: Characterizing The Literature. J of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2001;24(6):407-11
  9. Cox et al: Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996; 3(3):45-54, 79-81
  10. Mootz R, Waldorf T: Chiropractic care parameters for common industrial low back conditions. Chiropractic Technique 1995; 5(3):119-125
  11. Gudavalli R in Cox JM: Low Back Pain: Mechanism, Diagnosis, Treatment, 6th edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 1999, Appendix B
  1. Gudavalli R, Cambron J, Mcgregor M, Jedlicka J, Keenum M, Ghanayem A, Patwardhan A: A Randomized Clinical Trial and Subgroup Analysis to Compare Flexion - Distraction with Active Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain.  European Spine Journal 2006; 15(7):1070-1082
  2. Crawford MC: Chiropractic management of acute low back pain. Alternative Ther Health Med 1999; 5(1):112
  3. Cox JM, Hazen LJ, Mungovan M: Distraction manipulation reduction of an L5-S1 disk herniation. J of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 16(5): 342-346

References for Spinal Stenosis Relief with Cox Technic

  1. Chou R et al: Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society.  SPINE 2009; 34 (10)
  2. Gudavalli MR, Cox JM, Baker JA, Cramer GD, Patwardhan AG: Intervertebral Disc Pressure Changes During a Chiropractic Procedure. Abstract from the Proceedings of the Bioengineering Conference, Phoenix
  3. Kruse RA, Gregerson D: Cervical Spinal stenosis resulting in radiculopathy treated with flexion-distraction manipulation: A case study. J of  the Neuromusculoskeletal System  2002;10(4):141-7 
  4. Snow G: Chiropractic management of a patient with lumbar spinal stenosis. JMPT 2001; 24(4): 300-304
  5. DuPriest CM:  Nonoperative management of lumbar spinal stenosis. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 1993;16(6):411-4
  6. Gudavalli S, Kruse R: Foraminal stenosis with radiculopathy from a cervical disc herniation in a 33-year-old man treated with flexion-distraction decompression manipulation. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2008; 31(5):376-380

References for Back Pain Specialist

  1. Deis N, Findlay J: Appropriateness of lumbar spine referrals to a neurosurgical service. Can J Neurol Sci. 2010 Nov;37(6):843-8.
  2. Carey T et al: Care-seeking among individuals with chronic low back pain. Spine 1995; 20(3):312-7 
  3. deLuigi A, Fitzpatrick K: Physical Examination in radiculopathy. Phys Med and Rehabil of N Amer 2011; 22(1):7-40 
  1. Sackett, D.L. et al. (1996), Evidence based medicine: What it is and What it isn't. BMJ 312(7023), 13 January, 71-72  as quote by the American Chiropractic Association
  2. Boudreau, LA; Busse, JW; McBride, G . Chiropractic services in the Canadian Armed Forces: A pilot project. MILITARY MEDICINE 171 (6). JUN 2006. p.572-576
  3. Cambron GA, Gudavalli MR, Hedecker D et al: One-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Flexion Distraction with an Exercise Program for Chronic Low-Back Pain. J of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2006; 12(7): 659-668
  4. Gudavalli R, Cambron JA, McGregor M et al: A randomized clinical trial and subgroup analysis to compare flexion–distraction with active exercise for chronic low back pain. European Spine Journal 2006; 15: 1070-1082

References for Cox Technic - Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression

  1. Gudavalli R in Cox JM: Low Back Pain: Mechanism, Diagnosis, Treatment, 6th edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 1999, Appendix B
  2. Gudavalli R, Cambron JA, McGregor M et al: A randomized clinical trial and subgroup analysis to compare flexion–distraction with active exercise for chronic low back pain. European Spine Journal 2006; 15: 1070-1082
  3. Cambron GA, Gudavalli MR, Hedecker D et al: One-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Flexion Distraction with an Exercise Program for Chronic Low-Back Pain. J of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2006; 12(7): 659-668
  4. Gudavalli MR, Cox JM, Baker JA, Cramer GD, Patwardhan AG: Intervertebral Disc Pressure Changes During a Chiropractic Procedure. Abstract from the Proceedings of the Bioengineering Conference, Phoenix
  5. Cox et al: Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996; 3(3):45-54, 79-81
  6. Gudavalli R, Cambron J, Mcgregor M, Jedlicka J, Keenum M, Ghanayem A, Patwardhan A: A Randomized Clinical Trial and Subgroup Analysis to Compare Flexion - Distraction with Active Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain.  European Spine Journal 2006; 15(7):1070-1082
  7. Daffner, SD; Hymanson, HJ; Wang, JC. Cost and use of conservative management of lumbar disc herniation before surgical discectomy. SPINE JOURNAL 2010; 10 (6): 463-468

References for Flexion Distraction

  1. Cox et al: Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996; 3(3):45-54, 79-81
  2. Schliesser JS, Kruse RA, Fleming Fallon L: Cervical radiculopathy treated with chiropractic flexion distraction manipulation: a retrospective study in a private practice setting. Journal of Manipulation and Physiological Therapeutics 2003; 26(9):592-596

References for Leg Pain

  1. Cox et al: Topics in Clinical Chiropractic 1996; 3(3):45-54, 79-81
  2. Gudavalli R, Cambron JA, McGregor M et al: A randomized clinical trial and subgroup analysis to compare flexion–distraction with active exercise for chronic low back pain. European Spine Journal 2006; 15: 1070-1082
  3. Cambron GA, Gudavalli MR, Hedecker D et al: One-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Flexion Distraction with an Exercise Program for Chronic Low-Back Pain. J of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2006; 12(7): 659-668
References for Spinal Manipulation Is First Line of Care for Back Pain Relief
  1. Chou, R et al; Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society.  SPINE 34 (10). MAY 1 2009. 
  2. Breuer, B; Cruciani, R; Portenoy, RK. Pain Management by Primary Care Physicians, Pain Physicians, Chiropractors, and Acupuncturists: A National Survey. SOUTHERN MEDICAL JOURNAL 103 (8). AUG 2010. p.738-747
  3. Earhart, JS; Roberts, D; Roc, G; Gryzlo, S; Hsu, W: Effects of Lumbar Disk Herniation on the Careers of Professional Baseball Players. Orthopedics 35 (1). JAN 2012. p.43-49
  4. Haugen, AJ; Grovle, L; Brox, JI; Natvig, B; Keller, A; Soldal, D; Grotle, M. Estimates Of Success In Patients With Sciatica Due To Lumbar Disc Herniation Depend Upon Outcome Measure. European Spine Journal 20 (10). Oct 2011. P.1669-1675
  5. Balagué F, Piguet V, Dudler J. Steroids for LBP - from rationale to inconvenient truth. Swiss Med Wkly. 2012 Apr 11;142:0. doi: 10.4414/smw.2012.13566
  6. Pinto, RZ; Maher, CG; Ferreira, ML; Ferreira, PH; Hancock, M; Oliveira, VC; McLachlan, AJ; Koes, B. Drugs for relief of pain in patients with sciatica: systematic review and meta-analysis. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 344. FEB 13 2012. p.NIL_3-NIL_17
  7. Divrik Gökçe S, Gökçe E, Coşkun M. Radiology Residents' Awareness about Ionizing Radiation Doses in Imaging Studies and Their Cancer Risk during Radiological Examinations. Korean J Radiol. 2012 Mar;13(2):202-9. Epub 2012 Mar 7.
  8. Gudavalli R. et al. A randomized clinical trial and subgroup analysis to compare flexion-distraction with active exercise for chronic low back pain. Eur Spine J 2006;15(6):1070-82 

References for "Location, Location, Location...Level, Level, Level"

  1. Bell: Diagnosis of lumbar disc disease. Sem in Spine Surg 1994;6(3)
  2. Longo UG, Loppini M, Romeo G, Maffulli N, Denaro V. Errors of level in spinal surgery: An evidence-based systematic review. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2012 Nov;94(11):1546-50. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.94B11.29553.

References for “50% Rule” Infographic: July 1, 2015

 

  • Foulongne E, Derrey S, Ould Slimane M, Levèque S, Tobenas AC, Dujardin F, Fréger P, Chassagne P, Proust F.  Lumbar spinal stenosis: Which predictive factors of favorable functional results after decompressive laminectomy? Neurochirurgie. 2012 Dec 13. pii: S0028-3770(12)
  • Haugen, AJ; Grovle, L; Brox, JI; Natvig, B; Keller, A; Soldal, D; Grotle, M. Estimates of success in patients with sciatica due to lumbar disc herniation depend upon outcome measure. EUROPEAN SPINE JOURNAL 20 (10). OCT 2011. p.1669-1675
  • Atlas S, Keller RB, Wu YA, Deyo RA, Singer DE: LONG TERM OUTCOMES OF SURGICAL AND NON SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF SCIATICA SECONDARY TO LUMBAR DISC HERNIATION: 10 YEAR RESULTS FROM THE MAINE LUMBAR SPINE STUDY. Spine 30(8) April 15, 2005
  • Atlas SJ, Keller RB, Su YA, Deyo RA, Singer DE. LONG TERM OUTCOMES OF SURGICAL AND NONSURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF LUMBAR SPINAL STENOSIS:  8 TO 10 YEAR RESULTS FROM THE MAINE LUMBAR SPINE STUDY. Spine 30(8). April 15, 2005
  • Cox JM, Feller J, Cox-Cid J. Distraction chiropractic adjusting: clinical application and outcomes of 1000 cases. Top Clin Chiropractic 1996;3(3):45-59
  • Cecchi F, Negrini S, Pasquini G, Paperini A, Conti AA, Chiti M, Zaina F, Macchi C, Molino-Lova R. Predictors of functional outcome in patients with chronic low back painundergoing back school, individual physiotherapy or spinal manipulation. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2012 May 8.
  • Chou, R et al; Interventional Therapies, Surgery, and Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation for Low Back Pain An Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the American Pain Society.  SPINE 34 (10). MAY 1 2009. 
  • Schliesser JS, Kruse RA, Fleming Fallon L: Cervical radiculopathy treated with chiropractic flexion distraction manipulation: a retrospective study in a private practice setting. J Manipul Physiol Therap 26(9):592-596

References for Pepper and Turmeric and Curcumin

 

 

  1. D'Souza SP, Chavannavar SV, Kanchanashri B, Niveditha SB. Pharmaceutical Perspectives of Spices and Condiments as Alternative Antimicrobial Remedy. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2017 Jan 1:2156587217703214. doi: 10.1177/2156587217703214. [Epub ahead of print]
  2. “Amazing health benefits of black pepper and turmeric.” https://www.turmericforhealth.com/turmeric-benefits/health-benefits-of-black-pepper-and-turmeric . Sourced on 5/2/17.
  3. Zheng J, Zhou Y, Li Y, Xu DP, Li S, Li HB. Spices for Prevention and Treatment of Cancers. Nutrients. 2016 Aug 12;8(8). pii: E495. doi: 10.3390/nu8080495.
  4. Meghwal M1, Goswami TK. Piper nigrum and piperine: an update. Phytother Res. 2013 Aug;27(8):1121-30. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4972. Epub 2013 Apr 29.
  5. Prasad S, Tyagi A, Aggarwal B: Recent Developments in Delivery, Bioavailability, Absorption and Metabolism of Curcumin: the Golden Pigment from Golden Spice.  Cancer Res Treat. 2014 Jan; 46(1): 2–18. 

References for Absorbability of Chondroitin Sulfate

 

  1. Conte, A; Palmieri, L; Segnini, D; Ronca, G (1991). "Metabolic fate of partially depolymerized chondroitin sulfate administered to the rat." Drugs Exp Clin Res. 17: 27–33.
  2. Conte, A; de Bernardi, M; Palmieri, L; Lualdi, P; Mautone, G; Ronca, G (1991). "Metabolic fate of exogenous chondroitin sulfate in man." Arzneimittelforschung. 41: 768–72.
  3. Conte, A; Volpi, N; Palmieri, L; Bahous, I; Ronca, G (1995). "Biochemical and pharmacokinetic aspects of oral treatment with chondroitin sulfate." Arzneimittelforschung. 45: 918–25.
  4. Palmieri L, Conte A, Giovannini L, Lualdi P, Ronca G. Metabolic fate of exogenous chondroitin sulfate in the experimental animal." Arzneimittelforschung 1990;40:319-23.
  5. Ronca F, Palmieri L, Panicucci P, Ronca G. "Anti-inflammatory activity of chondroitin sulfate." Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1998;6 Suppl A:14-21.
  6. Barthe L, Woodley J, Lavit M, Przybylski C, Philibert C, Houin G. In vitro intestinal degradation and absorption of chondroitin sulfate, a glycosaminoglycan drug. Arzneimittelforschung. 2004;54(5):286-92. https://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0031-1296972
  7. Volpi N. Oral absorption and bioavailability of ichthyic origin chondroitin sulfate in healthy male volunteers. Osteoarhritis and Cartilage 2003;11(6):433-441 http://www.oarsijournal.com/article/S1063-4584(03)00051-7/fulltext#Disaccharide composition of plasma ichthyic CS after its oral administration
  8. Volpi, N. Oral bioavailability of chondroitin sulfate(Condrosulf®) and its constituents in healthy male volunteers. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2002; 10: 768–777
  9. Pescador, R., Diamantini, G., Mantovani, M., Malandrino, S., Riva, A., Casu, B. et al. Absorption by the rat intestinal tract of fluorescein-labelled pig duodenal glycosaminoglycans. Arzneimittelforschung. 1980; 30: 1893–1896
  10. Larsen, A.K., Lund, D.P., Langer, R., and Folkman, J. Oral heparin results in the appearance of heparin fragments in the plasma of rats. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1986; 83: 2964–2968
  11. Palmieri, L., Conte, A., Giovannini, L., Lualdi, P., and Ronca, G. Metabolic fate of exogenous chondroitin sulfate in the experimental animal. Arzneimittelforschung. 1990; 40: 319–323
  12. Dawes, J., Hodson, B.A., and Pepper, D.S. The absorption, clearance and metabolic fate of dermatan sulphate administered to man-studies using a radioiodinated derivative. Thromb Haemost. 1989; 62: 945–949
  13. Crepaldi, G., Rossi, A., Coscetti, G., Abbruzzese, E., Calveri, U., and Calabrò, A. Sulodexide oral administration influences blood viscosity and fibrinolysis. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 1992; 18: 189–195
  14. Dawes, J., McLaren, M., Forbes, C., Belch, J.J.F., Lane, D.A., Bray, B. et al. The pharmacokinetics of dermatan sulphate MF701 in healthy human volunteers. Br J Clin Pharm. 1991; 32: 361–366
  15. Adebowale A, Du J, Liang Z, Leslie JL, Eddington ND. The bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of glucosamine hydrochloride and low molecular weight chondroitin sulfate after single and multiple doses to beagle dogs. Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2002 Sep;23(6):217-25.
  16. Welburn M: Shotgun approach may quell arthritis, rheumatism, and back pain. Arthritis Research. 1994 Sept. 15-22 

References for More Curcumin

  1. Sanivarapu R, Vallabhaneni V, Verma V. The Potential of Curcumin in Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury. Neurol Res Int. 2016;2016:9468193. doi: 10.1155/2016/9468193. Epub 2016 May 19.
  2. Subash C. Gupta, Sridevi Patchva, and Bharat B. Aggarwal. Therapeutic Roles of Curcumin: Lessons Learned from Clinical Trials. AAPS J. 2013 Jan; 15(1): 195–218.  Published online 2012 Nov 10. doi:  10.1208/s12248-012-9432-8
  3. Riva A, Togni S, Giacomelli L, Franceschi F, Eggenhoffner R, Feragalli B, Belcaro G, Cacchio M, Shu H, Dugall M: Effects Of A Curcumin-Based Supplementation In Asymptomatic Subjects With Low Bone Density: A Preliminary 24-Week Supplement Study. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2017;21(7):1684-1689
  4. Ma J, Yu H, Liu J, Chen Y, Wang Q, Xiang L. Curcumin promotes nerve regeneration and functional recovery after sciatic nerve crush injury in diabetic rats. Neurosci Lett. 2015 Nov 6. pii: S0304-3940(15)30242-1. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2015.11.005.
  5. Chandran B, Goel A. A randomized, pilot study to assess the efficacy and safety of curcumin in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis. Phytother Res. 2012;26(11):1719–25. doi:10.1002/ptr.4639
  6. Deodhar SD, Sethi R, Srimal RC. Preliminary study on anti-rheumatic activity of curcumin (diferuloyl methane) Indian J Med Res. 1980;71:632–634.
  7. Belcaro G, Cesarone MR, Dugall M, Pellegrini L, Ledda A, Grossi MG, et al. Product-evaluation registry of Meriva(R), a curcumin-phosphatidylcholine complex, for the complementary management of osteoarthritis. Panminerva Med. 2010;52(2 Suppl 1):55–62.
  8. Ringman JM, Frautschy SA, Cole GM, Masterman DL, Cummings JL. A potential role of the curry spice curcumin in Alzheimer’s disease. Curr Alzheimer Res. 2005;2(2):131–136. doi: 10.2174/1567205053585882.
  9. Soni KB, Kuttan R. Effect of oral curcumin administration on serum peroxides and cholesterol levels in human volunteers. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1992;36(4):273–275
  10. Chin KY. The spice for joint inflammation: anti-inflammatory role of curcumin in treating osteoarthritis. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2016 Sep 20;10:3029-3042. eCollection 2016.